What is the MERCOSUR?
The Market Common of the South, MERCOSUR, is a process of regional integration initially founded for Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay to which in back phases Venezuela and Bolivia are incorporated, this last in process of adhesion.
The MERCOSUR is an open and dynamic trial. From his/her creation it had as principal objective propitiate a common space that produced commercial opportunity and of investments through the competitive integration of the national economies to the international market. As resulted you/he/she has established multiple accords with countries or groups of countries, granting them, in some cases, character of States In partnership, these participate to activity and reunions of the block and they count on commercial preferences with States Parts. Also the MERCOSUR has signed accords type commercial, political or of cooperation with a different quantity of nations and organisms in the five continents.
You give his/her beginnings the MERCOSUR you/he/she has promoted as fundamental pillars of the integration the principles of Democracy and Economic Development, pushing an integration with human face. On-line with these principles, different accords are added in migratory subject, working, cultural, social, among so many others to emerge, those that derive from sum importance for its inhabitants.
These accords meant the incorporation of the dimensions Town, Social and of Productive Integration, among the others, for which, on one side, it was necessary to adapt and to widen the istituzionalità of the block in the whole region answering to new questions and deepening the real share of the citizen for different means; and for another, owed equip him with mechanisms of financing proper solidly, as it is the Fund for the Structural Convergence of the MERCOSUR, FOCEM, among other funds. The FOCEM, through an annual sediment of 100 million dollars, it finances projects that look for to promote the competitiveness, the social cohesion and the reduction of asymmetries among the members of the trial.
The potentialities of the MERCOSUR in the most different areas are incommensurable since in its territory of almost 15 million km2 it counts with a big variety of wealth’s and natural treasures that it possesses the humanity: water, biodiversity, energetic resources and fertile earths. Despite, its great wealth resides in its people, since thanks to a population more of 295 million people, possesses a patrimony invaluable of cultural difference, ethnic, linguistics and religious, which it harmonically cohabits turning to the MERCOSUR into a region of peace and development.